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您是否同意西安市根据气温情况灵活调整冬季供暖时间

2019-10-15 00:07 来源:中国贸易新闻

  您是否同意西安市根据气温情况灵活调整冬季供暖时间

  TopcourtwantsproceduretoallotmoneysetforrestorationTheSupremePeoplesCourthascalledonthenationalenvironmentalandjudicialauthoritiestojointlysetupafundtomanage,useandsupervisemoneyconfiscatedbycourtsforenvironmentalrestoration."Thefundshouldclarifywhoisqualifiedtousethecompensation,howtouseitandwhoshouldsuperviseitsusetoensurethatthemoneydoesgotorepairingthepollutedenvironment,"WeiWenchao,deputychiefjudgeoftheenvironmentandecologydivisionoftheSupremePeoplesCourt,dcasesistorestoretheenvironmentassoonaspossible."Wehaveoftenpunishedbusinessesandcalculatedamountsofmoneytheyhavetopayincompensation,"hesaid."Butwearenotclearonwhoshouldmanageandusethemoneytoperformtherestorationafterwehanddownaverdict,astherehavebeennoguidelinesonthatsofar."Toensuretheenvironmentcanbequicklyrepaired,weshouldmakeclearhowthemoneyisspent,sosettingupthefundisanecessity,"logyandEnvironment,theSupremePeople,Chinahasmadeincreasingeffortsagainstpollutionandadoptedvariousmea,therevisedChineseEnvironmentalProtectionLawtookeffect,,apilotprogramallowingprosecutorstofi,prosecutorsalsogainedtheauthoritytoplayasupervisionalroleintheprotectionofpublicinterestbyundertakingsuchl,thepilotprogramwasexpandednationwideandofficiallywritsCourt,in2017,courtsthroughoutChinaheard21,241environmentalcriminalcases,207,552environmentalcivildisputesand134,791administrativelawsuits,with17,965peoplepunished-comparedwith20,394environmentalcriminalcase,90,769environmentalcivildisputesand35,,48public-interestlawsuitswerebroughtbyNGOs,andfromJuly1toDec31lastyear,257suchlitigationswerebroughtbyprosecutingauthorities.Phototakenin1958shows5-year-oldXiJinping(L),hisyoungerbrotherandtheirfatherXiZhongxun.[Photo/]FatherinculcatedfrugalhabitsXiZhongxun,fatherofXiJinping,servedaschairmanoftheShaanxi-GansuBorderRegion,aCPCrevolutionarybaseofthe1930s,andwascalledbyChairmanMaoZedonga"leaderofthepeople."XiZhongxunlaterledGuangdonginitsimplementationofreformandopening-uppoliciesandintheconstructionofspecialeconomiczonesintheprovince."Dadleadsafrugallife,n,"Xisaidinalettertohisfatherin2001,whenhewasthegovernorofFujianprovinceandwasunabletoattendhisfathers88thbirthdaycelebrationduetoworkcommitments.

AnemployeeattachespaperworktothewindshieldofavehicleinthegeneralassemblyshopattheSAIC-GM-WulingAutomobileCoBaojunplant,ajointventurebetweenSAICMotorCorp,GeneralMotorsCoandLiuzhouWulingAutomobileIndustryCo,inLiuzhou,Guangxiprovince,May23,2018.[Photo/VCG]SHANGHAI-UScarmakerGeneralMotorshasinauguratedabatteryassemblyplantinShanghaithatwillsupportthecompany,operatedbySAIC-GMjointventure,isthesecondGMbatteryassemblyplant."WewillcontinuetogrowourelectricvehicleportfolioinChinawithdiversesolutionsthatencompassvariouselectricrangesandbodystyles,"MattTsien,presidentofGMChina,,en2016and2020,andthenumberofnewenergyvehicleswouldbedoubledby2023,asChinawasplaying"anessentialrole"evyingforshareinChina,,accountingformorethanhalfoftheworld,seekingatimetablefortheeliminationofvehiclesusinggasolineanddiesel.,asubsidiaryofChinesee-commercegiantAlibabaGroup,onhissmartphoneinJinancity,eastChinasShandongprovince,Jan9,2018.[Photo/IC]WithsoccerfanseagertocatchtheirfavoriteWorldCupmatchesathome,thecountrysleadinginternetcompaniesarepreparingtousetheglobalsportingextravaganzaataba,Chineseaudienceswillnotonlybeimmersedinlivestreamingandon-demandvideoofthematchesandrelatedprogramsfromdigitalchannels,butalsoenjoyawiderangeofserviceslinkedtothegame,ncethatisaboutmorethanjustsittingandwatchingamatch,YangWeidong,presidentofYouku,,asubsidiaryofAlibabaGroup,willstreamall64gamesofthetournamentinpartnershipwithChinaCentralTelevision,andunveilasuiteofpromotionstoboostfanengagement,includingtalkshows,in-showmerchandisesalesandprizegiveaways."Wearenotonlystreamingsoccergames...butleveragingthissportingeventtoshowcasehowYoukucan...captureopportunitiesintheChinasportsmarketbybuildingrelevantcontentandexcitement,",ananalystatBeijing-basedinternetconsultancyAnalysys,said,"ThevideostreamingsectorhasseenfiercecompetitioninChina,sokeyparticipantswillrushtograbtheopportunitytoboosttheirmarketshare."YoukuwillhostashowcalledPlayFootballwithPeppaPig,asoccer-educationprogramforchildren,anddistributeoriginalWorldCup-themedcontentintheformofshortvideos,musicandgraphicsviaAlibabaportalsincludingUCWeb,,Alibabasfreshfoodsupermarket,willprovideround-the-clockdeliveryofpreparedseafoodtopeoplesdoorstepsastheyenjoythegamesinthemiddleofthenight."UsingtheWorldCupastheentrypointtointegrateitswholeecologicalresources,thecompanyisabletomeetusersneedsformultiplescenarioexperiencesfromonlinetooffline,suchascontent,e-commerceandentertainmentconsumption,",asubsidiaryofChinaMobileCommunicationsCorp,isalsoapartnerofCCTVinbrlvingcooperationinthedistributionandpromotionofWorldCup-relatedshortvideos,programsproducedbyMiguandinteractivefeatures.

  LiZiyingworksonoldfurniturewithChaozhouwoodcarvingsinastudioattheGuangzhouAcademyofFineArts.[Photo/Xinhua]LiZiyingdipsacottonswabinaglassofwater,,,andLi,22,,inSouthChina(618-907),,6documentarymadebyStatebroadcasterChinaCentralTelevisionaboutthelifeandworkofrestorersinBeijingsPalaceMuseum."Whenpeopleknowwearerestoringancientartifacts,theirfirstresponseisalways,Thatscool.Butitsactuallyverytiringwork,":Usingultravioletlighttochecktheconditionoftheitems,clearingthesurfacewithspecialtools,gatheringdustandfallenparts,categorizingthem,repainting,,,butshes,woodfragments,cottonfromtheswabandeventheshellsofdeadinsectsonthecarvingsneedtobestoredandcategorizedforresearch."Eachpartofthecarvingscontainsinformation,"Lisaid."Wecannotmissanything."ThelongworkinghoursandmeticulousprocesshavenotscaredawayLiandhercolleagues,astheyhavegraduallydevelopedadifferentviewoftheancientwoodcarvings."NowwhenIseethecarvings,itslikeadoctorseeingapatient,"shesaid."Ifeeltheirpainandjustwanttofixthemasquicklyaspossible."Shehasbeenworkinginthestudioforayearandlovesherjob,withherskillsrecognizedbyteachers,whorecommendedherforaplaceatanartschoolinAvignon,France,"Ihopetomakeitmycareer,"TheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]ThesouthernmetropolisofShenzhenhasjoinedothercitiesinafiercecompetitiontoattracttalentbysimplifyingtheprocedureforuniversitygraduatestoobtainlocalhouseholdregistration,,graduateswillbeabletosubmitapplicationsonlinebyuploadingtheireducationcertificatesandpersonalinformationinsteadofgoingtohumanresourceofficesinperson,authenticityandapplicantsqualifications,,itygraduatesanddealwiththeirhukoumatters,enhancingworkefficiencyandincreasingShenzhensattractivenessfortalent,,slatestefforttoattrac,thecitysho,,morethanhalfofwhichwillbedesignatedfortalentedworkers,edforthehousingstartingthisyear,,theaveragepriceforanewhomeinMaywas54,111yuan($8,445)persquaremeter,downj,aresearcherattheGuangdongAcademyofSocialSciences,saidtheintroductionofthenewhukoupolicyisaneffectivewayforShenzhentoretainandattracttalent,giventhehighcostoflivinginthecity."Formanyfreshgraduates,theprimaryissueisthehukoubecausethedocumentiscloselyrelatedtotherightsandsocialservicestheycanenjoy-forexample,buyinghomesorgettingmedicaltreatment,",asenioratShenzhenUniversity,saidalthoughhukouisanimportantfactortoconsider,themainconcernw,includingBeijing,Shanghai,ChengduandXian,havealsoofferedpreferentialpoliciestowoograduates.

  Itisalwayspainfultoseesomethingusefulbeingturnedintorubbish,estosolvethelast-mileproblemforcommuters,theyarequicklydegeneratingfromanewlifestyle,asymboloffashionfortheurbanyoungpeople,intoeyesores,andevenpublicnuisances,ations,wheresharedbikesofallcolorsanddesignsareparked,insuchrando,securityguards,answeringresidentscomplaints,onceheapedadozensharedbikestheyhadclearedfromthecommunitylikescrapsteelattheentranceofthecompound,,wheelstwistedorlocksbroken,sDongchengdistrict,moreth,eethesmoothdevelopmentofthesharingeconomy,bike-sharecompaniesshallalsore-examinetheirownstrategy,rethan50companiesinChina,andmanymoreareinthepipeline,,thetwolargestplayers,haverecentlycompletedtheirlatestroundoffinancingworth$,,thereturns,1yuan(14UScents)orevenlessperuse,,accordingtotheChinaBicycleAssociation,thecontinuousinfluxofsharedbikes,inadditiontothoseforprivateuse,,suchasZhengzhou,GuangzhouandFuzhou,torequest,giventhehighrateofdamagedoneonsharedbikesandtheiroperatorsreluctancetofixthemduetothehighcostsinvolved,,aninternetdataanalysisagency,morethan30percentofOf,inadditiontonormalwearandtearintheyearstocome,andthelowrateofrecyclingduetothelowpriceofscrapsteel,ataround1,300yuanpermetricton,meanshundredsofthoupositintheiraccountswhentheyregistertousethebikes,,thebillionsofdollarsindepositmoneymaybringhugereturnsforbike-,onlywhenthetidegoesoutdowediscoverwhohasbeenswimmingnaked.AnemployeeattachespaperworktothewindshieldofavehicleinthegeneralassemblyshopattheSAIC-GM-WulingAutomobileCoBaojunplant,ajointventurebetweenSAICMotorCorp,GeneralMotorsCoandLiuzhouWulingAutomobileIndustryCo,inLiuzhou,Guangxiprovince,May23,2018.[Photo/VCG]SHANGHAI-UScarmakerGeneralMotorshasinauguratedabatteryassemblyplantinShanghaithatwillsupportthecompany,operatedbySAIC-GMjointventure,isthesecondGMbatteryassemblyplant."WewillcontinuetogrowourelectricvehicleportfolioinChinawithdiversesolutionsthatencompassvariouselectricrangesandbodystyles,"MattTsien,presidentofGMChina,,en2016and2020,andthenumberofnewenergyvehicleswouldbedoubledby2023,asChinawasplaying"anessentialrole"evyingforshareinChina,,accountingformorethanhalfoftheworld,seekingatimetablefortheeliminationofvehiclesusinggasolineanddiesel.

LiZiyingworksonoldfurniturewithChaozhouwoodcarvingsinastudioattheGuangzhouAcademyofFineArts.[Photo/Xinhua]LiZiyingdipsacottonswabinaglassofwater,,,andLi,22,,inSouthChina(618-907),,6documentarymadebyStatebroadcasterChinaCentralTelevisionaboutthelifeandworkofrestorersinBeijingsPalaceMuseum."Whenpeopleknowwearerestoringancientartifacts,theirfirstresponseisalways,Thatscool.Butitsactuallyverytiringwork,":Usingultravioletlighttochecktheconditionoftheitems,clearingthesurfacewithspecialtools,gatheringdustandfallenparts,categorizingthem,repainting,,,butshes,woodfragments,cottonfromtheswabandeventheshellsofdeadinsectsonthecarvingsneedtobestoredandcategorizedforresearch."Eachpartofthecarvingscontainsinformation,"Lisaid."Wecannotmissanything."ThelongworkinghoursandmeticulousprocesshavenotscaredawayLiandhercolleagues,astheyhavegraduallydevelopedadifferentviewoftheancientwoodcarvings."NowwhenIseethecarvings,itslikeadoctorseeingapatient,"shesaid."Ifeeltheirpainandjustwanttofixthemasquicklyaspossible."Shehasbeenworkinginthestudioforayearandlovesherjob,withherskillsrecognizedbyteachers,whorecommendedherforaplaceatanartschoolinAvignon,France,"Ihopetomakeitmycareer,"

  ChineseinvestorsremainenthusiasticaboutinvestingintheAfricanmarketdespitefrustrationsandchallengescomingfromunexpectedrestrictions,,Chineseenterprises,bothmajorState-ownedonesandprivatelyownedsmallones,havebeenfindingtheirwayontotheAfricancon,000ChineseenterprisesoperatinginAfrica,with90percentbeingprivatelyowned,accordingtoWeiJianguo,,therearemorethan300Chineseenterprises,investingatotalof$13billioninfinance,electronics,telecommunications,,theBeltandRoadInitiativecertainlyservesasabigboosttoChineseinvestorsioninJohannesburglastmonthrevealedthatencouragedbytheinitiative,almo,forinstance,isspeedinguptheconstructionofitsmanufacturingplantinPortElizabeth,SouthAfrica,togetherwi,LiXingxing,executivevice-presidentofBAICInternationalDevelopment,promisedthattheplantwillgointooperationaccordingtotheoriginalschedule."Theequipmentfortheassemblylineworthabout$50millionhasbeenmanufacturedbackhomeandisreadytobeshippedtotheplantnowunderconstruction,andtheplantwillgointooperationwithoutanydelay,"Lisaidinhisofficemerelyafewhundredmetersawayfromtheconstructionsiteofthenewplant,neighb($843million)projectisnotonlyBAICsfirstoverseasmanufacturingplantbutalsoSouthAfrica,alocalchamberofcommerceclaimedthattheprojectwasfivemonthbehindschedule,thatproblemsinvolvingprocurementandlanguagedifferenceswerehinderingcommunicationbetweenthepartnersandthatco,althoughth,TongRenTang,theleadingtraditionalChinesemedicineproducer,istryingtopersuaderelatedSouthAfricanauthoritiestograntvisasandworkpermitstoTCMwhoaretakingalikingtoChinesemedicineandacupuncture,panyfindsitdifficulttoobtainworkpermitsforT,manyTCMdoctorsgainedexperiencean,however,maynotmeettherequirementso,applicationsbygooddoctorsareturneddown,frustratin,forinstance,isopenbuthasnodoctors."Wehavetoborrowdoctorsfromotherclinics,andthatmeansotherclinicshavetobeclosedduringtheirabsence,"saidZhongPeng,presidentofTongRenTang,15ofwhomwerelocalhires,andisintalkswithlocaluniversitiestoprovideacupuncturecourses."WehaveplanstosetupmoreclinicsandpharmaciesinotherAfricancountriesinthenextthreeyears,",projectdirectoroftheZanzibarairportterminalinTanzania,ontheotherhand,hashisheadaches."Hopefully,wecanrestartourprojectandhandoverthekeytoourpartnerbeforethefirsthalfof2019,"rminalinuse,Chengsaidthepro,theterminalinvolvesaninvestmentof$,theterminalsroofandglasscurtainwallshavebeencompleted,nspectionanditslikelythatnewfundswi,onlybygoinglocalandbenefitingAfricanpeoplecantheyensureitssustainabledevelopment,,Chineseenterprisesareemployingmorethan24,000localpeople,accordingtoSACETAplantisfullyoperational."IncomingtoinvestinAfrica,oneshouldhaveathoroughunderstandingofthelocallaborandemploymentpolicies,"saidLi,ketandstrictlyabidingbythelocallawsandregulations."Thebiggestthingliesinhowwe,theChinese,,"Lisaid.

  Anaerialviewoftheworld’sfirstphotovoltaicexpresswayduringconstructioninJinan,EastChina,Shandongprovince,sometrafficnoisesthreelayers:transparentconcreteontop,lasphalthighwayandcanalsogenerate1millionkilowatt-hoursofelectricityeachyear,,isshifttowardgreenervehiclesandmoreenvironmentallyfocusedintellectualproperty,,,000yuan($470)persquaremetertobuild—,thisprojectandotherdevelopmentshighlightChinaswideandever-increasingcapacity,andambition,,domesticc,inhiskeynotespeechattheBoaoForumforAsia,PresidentXiJinpingemphasizedthattherewouldbegreaterprotectionofIPR."tion,anditwouldprovidethebiggestboosttothecompetitivenessoftheChineseeconomy,",thefounderandCEOofmobilepaymentserviceQFPay,believesanincreaseinregulations,includingstrongerIPRprotection,"Besidesprotectingintellectualproperty,italsohelpsanyindustrytomaintainsafetyandqualitystandards,"Leesays."Thoughthelackofrestrictionsisgreatforinnovationstoinitiallyemerge,regulationsdohelptolighttheirpathgoingforward."AsXisaidinhisBoaospeech,itwillalsoserveto"increaseChinaseconomiccompetitiveness".Thisisgoodnewsfordomesticcompanies,,177RDresearcherspermillionofitspopulation—threetimesthenumberofresearch,321researcherspermillionofitspopulation,n,accordingtotheUnitedNationsEducational,,,thecountrycameinjustbehindtheUS,whichproduced600,sdrivetobecomeanadvancedmanufacturinghub,thenumberofinnovationsfromthecountryislikelytosoar."Whatwewanttograduallyreleasetotheworldareupgraded,middle-tohigh-endproducts,"",forexample,Igthroughtheirphonesthere,"saysQuekSiuRui,co-founderandCEOofSingapore-basede-commerceplatformCarousell."TherestoftheworldneedstocatchupwithChina,"ceinChina,memberbusinessesweredividedontheirviewsofChina,chairmanofthechamber,recentlyissuedastatementsayingthatitsmembership"wantsalevelplayingfieldandreciprocaltreatmenttoimprovemarketaccessinChina".Chineseauthoritieshavebeenhardatworktocombatthesourceofsuchworries."China,"Vice-PremierWangYangsaidduringaChina-USJointCommissiononCommerceandTradeinWashington,DC,,Chinahasinvestigatedandhandledmorethan1millioninfringementandcounterfeitingcriminalcasesandsentencedmorethan70,,ShanghaiandGuangdong.AskedabouttheirChinainvestmentplans,foreignexecutivestypicalresponsecanbesummarizedasWeareinChina,operationsinChina,,,,businessforaandexpertshadbeenexpressingconcernsthatChinamaybeslowlylosingitsattractionasanFDI,orforeigndirectinvestment,,isthatabadthingTorephrasethequestionabit:isntthatagoodthingFDIconcernsweretriggeredbyslowerglobamgladmanyMNCshavemovedtheirchemicalplants,papermills,stimeChinapursuesasustainabledevelopmentmodel(like,say,GermanyandFrancehavebeendoingfordecades).Apparently,suchamassivetransformationwon,Chinaschangingeconomicpriori,in1998,whenChinaacceleratedreformofState-ownedenterprises,,crucially,asSOEsweremergedorshutteredduetobankruptcy,,Chinasboomingservicessectorisfullycapableofminimizingtheunemploymentrateasthec,,ithastakenadifferentpath,onethatcouldputt,,FDInowismovingawayfromtheprosperouscoastalandea,theChinesegovernmentnowunderstandsthatglobalrsthatthinklong-termanddonotsidestepchallengeslikerisinglaborcostthatlieahead.

  Anaerialviewoftheworld’sfirstphotovoltaicexpresswayduringconstructioninJinan,EastChina,Shandongprovince,sometrafficnoisesthreelayers:transparentconcreteontop,lasphalthighwayandcanalsogenerate1millionkilowatt-hoursofelectricityeachyear,,isshifttowardgreenervehiclesandmoreenvironmentallyfocusedintellectualproperty,,,000yuan($470)persquaremetertobuild—,thisprojectandotherdevelopmentshighlightChinaswideandever-increasingcapacity,andambition,,domesticc,inhiskeynotespeechattheBoaoForumforAsia,PresidentXiJinpingemphasizedthattherewouldbegreaterprotectionofIPR."tion,anditwouldprovidethebiggestboosttothecompetitivenessoftheChineseeconomy,",thefounderandCEOofmobilepaymentserviceQFPay,believesanincreaseinregulations,includingstrongerIPRprotection,"Besidesprotectingintellectualproperty,italsohelpsanyindustrytomaintainsafetyandqualitystandards,"Leesays."Thoughthelackofrestrictionsisgreatforinnovationstoinitiallyemerge,regulationsdohelptolighttheirpathgoingforward."AsXisaidinhisBoaospeech,itwillalsoserveto"increaseChinaseconomiccompetitiveness".Thisisgoodnewsfordomesticcompanies,,177RDresearcherspermillionofitspopulation—threetimesthenumberofresearch,321researcherspermillionofitspopulation,n,accordingtotheUnitedNationsEducational,,,thecountrycameinjustbehindtheUS,whichproduced600,sdrivetobecomeanadvancedmanufacturinghub,thenumberofinnovationsfromthecountryislikelytosoar."Whatwewanttograduallyreleasetotheworldareupgraded,middle-tohigh-endproducts,"",forexample,Igthroughtheirphonesthere,"saysQuekSiuRui,co-founderandCEOofSingapore-basede-commerceplatformCarousell."TherestoftheworldneedstocatchupwithChina,"ceinChina,memberbusinessesweredividedontheirviewsofChina,chairmanofthechamber,recentlyissuedastatementsayingthatitsmembership"wantsalevelplayingfieldandreciprocaltreatmenttoimprovemarketaccessinChina".Chineseauthoritieshavebeenhardatworktocombatthesourceofsuchworries."China,"Vice-PremierWangYangsaidduringaChina-USJointCommissiononCommerceandTradeinWashington,DC,,Chinahasinvestigatedandhandledmorethan1millioninfringementandcounterfeitingcriminalcasesandsentencedmorethan70,,ShanghaiandGuangdong.

  LiZiyingworksonoldfurniturewithChaozhouwoodcarvingsinastudioattheGuangzhouAcademyofFineArts.[Photo/Xinhua]LiZiyingdipsacottonswabinaglassofwater,,,andLi,22,,inSouthChina(618-907),,6documentarymadebyStatebroadcasterChinaCentralTelevisionaboutthelifeandworkofrestorersinBeijingsPalaceMuseum."Whenpeopleknowwearerestoringancientartifacts,theirfirstresponseisalways,Thatscool.Butitsactuallyverytiringwork,":Usingultravioletlighttochecktheconditionoftheitems,clearingthesurfacewithspecialtools,gatheringdustandfallenparts,categorizingthem,repainting,,,butshes,woodfragments,cottonfromtheswabandeventheshellsofdeadinsectsonthecarvingsneedtobestoredandcategorizedforresearch."Eachpartofthecarvingscontainsinformation,"Lisaid."Wecannotmissanything."ThelongworkinghoursandmeticulousprocesshavenotscaredawayLiandhercolleagues,astheyhavegraduallydevelopedadifferentviewoftheancientwoodcarvings."NowwhenIseethecarvings,itslikeadoctorseeingapatient,"shesaid."Ifeeltheirpainandjustwanttofixthemasquicklyaspossible."Shehasbeenworkinginthestudioforayearandlovesherjob,withherskillsrecognizedbyteachers,whorecommendedherforaplaceatanartschoolinAvignon,France,"Ihopetomakeitmycareer,"Firstimpressions,theysay,!Ihadmyfirstexperienceofrobotsat,aninnerconflictofsorts,tstopthinkingaboutthosevarioustypesofindustrialandservicerobots-howtheyareversatileenoughtoperformwide-rangingfunctionssuchasfoldingashirt,,leavingmejobless,unemployable,redundantYouandforavarietyofservices,whichis,millionsofmigrantworkershavereturnedtotheirhomesinthecountrysideorlower-tiercitiesinrecentyears,unabletocopesinChina,,chemical,communicationan"intelligentmanufacturing".New-agerobotscandelivermultipleservices,fromcleaningandassemblyoperationsinthechemicalandautomotivesectorstoworki,itseems,lowproductionlevels,risinglaborcosts,outdatedmanagementmethodsandchangingdemographicsaredesperatechallengesthatneedtobedealtwithforthwith,,theyarepushinghardtowardputtingrobotstoworkattheirfactories,,themetal-and-syntheticmoldswithembeddedcircuitryandsoftwareareseenas,well,morereliable,moreefficient,llpr,isChinasindustrialrobotindustryreadyforamassiverobotjobtakeover,sstillnascentintermsofindependentinnovation,,becausetheyarekeentoequiptisticatedmaneuvers,whileChina-maderobotsaremainlyusedforsimpleoperationssuchascarrying,,therearenowmorethan800robotmanufacturersinChina,ofwhich200producethemainbod-sensors,speedreducersandservomotors-,Chineserobo:shouldthelocalindustrycontinuethecurrentpatternofdeployingmoreandmorerobotstoperformjobsthatwereearlierdonebyhumanworkersOr,giventhehugedomesticmarket,shoulditcrycarpediem,seizethemoment,anddecisivelyshiftitsattentiontobecomingmorecapableofindependentinnovation

  Anaerialviewoftheworld’sfirstphotovoltaicexpresswayduringconstructioninJinan,EastChina,Shandongprovince,sometrafficnoisesthreelayers:transparentconcreteontop,lasphalthighwayandcanalsogenerate1millionkilowatt-hoursofelectricityeachyear,,isshifttowardgreenervehiclesandmoreenvironmentallyfocusedintellectualproperty,,,000yuan($470)persquaremetertobuild—,thisprojectandotherdevelopmentshighlightChinaswideandever-increasingcapacity,andambition,,domesticc,inhiskeynotespeechattheBoaoForumforAsia,PresidentXiJinpingemphasizedthattherewouldbegreaterprotectionofIPR."tion,anditwouldprovidethebiggestboosttothecompetitivenessoftheChineseeconomy,",thefounderandCEOofmobilepaymentserviceQFPay,believesanincreaseinregulations,includingstrongerIPRprotection,"Besidesprotectingintellectualproperty,italsohelpsanyindustrytomaintainsafetyandqualitystandards,"Leesays."Thoughthelackofrestrictionsisgreatforinnovationstoinitiallyemerge,regulationsdohelptolighttheirpathgoingforward."AsXisaidinhisBoaospeech,itwillalsoserveto"increaseChinaseconomiccompetitiveness".Thisisgoodnewsfordomesticcompanies,,177RDresearcherspermillionofitspopulation—threetimesthenumberofresearch,321researcherspermillionofitspopulation,n,accordingtotheUnitedNationsEducational,,,thecountrycameinjustbehindtheUS,whichproduced600,sdrivetobecomeanadvancedmanufacturinghub,thenumberofinnovationsfromthecountryislikelytosoar."Whatwewanttograduallyreleasetotheworldareupgraded,middle-tohigh-endproducts,"",forexample,Igthroughtheirphonesthere,"saysQuekSiuRui,co-founderandCEOofSingapore-basede-commerceplatformCarousell."TherestoftheworldneedstocatchupwithChina,"ceinChina,memberbusinessesweredividedontheirviewsofChina,chairmanofthechamber,recentlyissuedastatementsayingthatitsmembership"wantsalevelplayingfieldandreciprocaltreatmenttoimprovemarketaccessinChina".Chineseauthoritieshavebeenhardatworktocombatthesourceofsuchworries."China,"Vice-PremierWangYangsaidduringaChina-USJointCommissiononCommerceandTradeinWashington,DC,,Chinahasinvestigatedandhandledmorethan1millioninfringementandcounterfeitingcriminalcasesandsentencedmorethan70,,ShanghaiandGuangdong.

  AllanGabor,managingdirectorofperformancematerialsofMerckChina.[Photo/VCG]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountry:IthastakenChinajust40yearstobecometheworld,,:Chinawouldno,ChinasentryintotheInternationalCouncilforHarmonizationwillgreatlyimprovei:formandopening-upprGree,theyhavenotjustgrowninsize,,Ivealsoseensignificantimprovementsinpeopleshealth,,,thecountryhassetupmedicinepilotzonesinBoao,Hainanprovince,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinain,theyarereallylookingtoexpressthemselvesnset:ChinasFive-YearPlanmechanismhasprovedsuccessful,,,thefasttakeoffine-commercecouldfacilitatetradeinremoteareasandthereasthebiggestchallenge,themortalityratefromchronicdiseasesisstillhigh,suressuchasopeningoursecond-largestdrugplantinNantong,Jiangsuprovince,whichproducespharmaceuticalsonthecountry,agetoprovidemoreinnovativeandhigh-qualitymedicineandhealthcareproductsthatimprovepeople,wehavedrugshelpingdiabetes,,wesupportthedevelopmentoforganiclight-emittingdiodetechnologytohelpflatpaneldi,wehelpourcustomersinC,wedontjustbenefitfromChina,,wehaveteamedupwithomesticcompaniesaremovingupinmanygoodways,,sspartners,asisexemplifiedinasroleintheworldtodayTraditionally,-politically,:WenowleveragetalentedpeopleinChinatocontributetoourglobalstrategies,,PresidentXiJinpingintroducedahostofpowerfulmeasurestofurtheropentheworldandresponsibilitiesflowdownthroughdiffe,mpressedbyhowthenationmajorincidentslikethebattleagainstsev,vibrant,innovativeandinclusive.

  TheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]China,asrevealedbythelatestinvestigationoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesorCASS,teofthesecondquarterofthisyearwillremainthesameasthefirstquarterof2018,accordingtotheinvestigationpublishedontheChinaEconomist,,,,,ecommoditypricelevelswillincreasecomparedwiththesris135,9percentagepointslowerthanlastquarter,,about70percentoftheeconomistsbelievethepressureofovercapacitywillberelievedbutitwillstillexistforalongtimeinthenextdecade,sovercapacityisthelackofinnovativeabilitiesamongmanufacturers,ndadvancedtechnologymeansproductioncompaniescannotmanufactureproductsthatmeetdiversifiedneeds,whichleadthegovernmentcityreductionoughttoincludesettingstandardsforcapacitywithdrawal,guidingcompaniesinupgradesandperfectingthelegalsystemforenterprisebankruptcy.AteacherinstructsstudentshowtosortgarbageataschoolinXiangyang,Hubeiprovince.[Photo/VCG]BEIJING--Sai,butafterSaizisparentsretired,,,thismeanstakingjustenoughforonesneedsandavoidingextravagance,sortingtheinevitabletrash,sfatheralwaysjokesabouthiswifebeingtoocheapwhenaskedwhytheydecidedtolivea"nowaste"life."Myparentslivedthroughalongperiodofmaterialscarcity,andtheylearnedtotreasureeverythingandhatewaste,",hermotherwould,afterrecyclingthetubes,thetoothpasteokebeyondrepair,,Saizididsomemodificationsandaddedalacebordertomakeanoriginal,,nutshells,,enzymecleansers,,andusetheexcrement,firewoodashesandkitchenresiduecompostintheirhomegarden,wherenaturesmagiccreatesanendlesscycle."Thereisnosuchthingaswaste,onlyresourceswehaventfoundouthowtouseyet,",,orasmanyaffectionatelycallher,"OldTang,","GoZeroWaste"labinlate2016,whenshebegantocutplasticuseandreducetrashinanefforttocontributetothebattleagainstplasticpollution.

  

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2019-10-15   星期四   丙申年   四月初六

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【库叔说】空袭叙利亚后,俄美会彻底翻脸吗?

Customerslookatunmannedaerialvehicles,ordrones,ataDJIstoreinTianjin,,thedronemakerispushingthedevelopmentofnewdomesticallycreatedintellectualproperty.[PhotoprovidedtoCHINADAILY]Chinaisactiveinintellectualpropertyprotectionasitshiftstoaninnovation-basedeconomyVirtuallyeverydayin2017,around16,000newenterpriseswereregisteredinChina,withmanyoftheminvolvedininnovativeindustriesthataccou,includingHuaweiinthetelecomfield,Fosuninhealthcare,Medtronicinmedicaldevices,andBYDinautos,theyarepushingthedevelopmentofnew,,,ofcourse,thereisAlibaba,theworldsWeChatmessagingandsocialmediaapphas1billionusers,,machinelearningandalgorithms,rpriseshavemadeChinatheworld,ChinarackedupmorepatentfilingsthantheUnitedStates,Japan,,,accordingtotheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization,—,atemoredomesticintellectualproperty,ionstradepolicy,includingthestrategysmessagetotheworldaboutChinasdrivetoimproveintellectualpropertyrights,orIPR,protection."StrongerIPRprotectionistherequirementofforeignenterprises,andevenmoresoofChineseenterprises,"XisaidonApril10inhiskeynoteaddressattheBoaoForumforAsia,heldinBoaoinSouthChinasHainanprovince."WeencouragenormaltechnologicalexchangesandcooperationbetweenChineseandforeignenterprises,andprotectthelawfulIPRownedbyforeignenterprisesinChina,",principalcounselattheAsianDevelopmentBank,notesthatIPisahugelyvaluableassetclassinmoderncommerce."Formanycompaniesandfamousbrands,suchasNikeorCoca-Cola,itistheprincipalandindispensableasset,"shesays."Withoutadequateintellectualpropertyprotection—bothlawsandcompetentandempoweredinstitutionsthatuniformlyenforcethelaws—companiesdonthavetheconfidencetoexpandmanufacturingandRDglobally,andtheycertainlydonthaveconfidencetosharetechnologyorscientificdevelopmentswithothercountries,"stradepartnershavelongworriedaboutthequalityofIPprotectioninthecountry,butthoseworriesareseenasremnantsofasys,ChinasetupspecializedIPcourtsinBeijing,,ofIPCourtsstipulatesthatjudgesinIPcourtsmusthave"atleastsixyearsofworkingexperienceinrelevantIPtrialwork".sCourtVice-PresidentTaoKaiyuan,whoisalsoChinasleadingIPjurist,recentlysaidt,duringtheannualmeetingofChinastoplegislature,thegovernmentannouncedplanstorestructuretheStateIntellectualPropertyOffice,signalingatougherstanceonIPprotectionacrossChina."ChinasembraceofIPrightsistobeexpected,andcertainlyalignstocurrentnationalinterests,"saysBryceBoland,chieftechnologyofficerfortheAsia-PacificregionatcybersecuritycompanyFireEye."ItreflectstheadvancesinthecountrysdomesticresearchanddevelopmentcapabilitiesandadiminishedrelianceonforeignIP."sGlobalInnovationPolicyCenterrecentlyreleasedits2018InternationalIPIndex,,patentsandindustrialdesignsbacksthisup."Thelatestfigureschartingariseindemandforintellectualpropertyrightsconfirmadecadelongtrend,wheredevelopmentsinChinaincreasinglyleavetheirmarkontheworldwidetotals,"FrancisGurry,director-generaloftheWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization,andlawenforcementresults;thatauthoritiesandlawenforcementbodiesareplacingmoreimportanceonIPR;andthattheawarenessofresearchinstitutionsandindividualsofIPRprotectionsandtheircapabilityinusingthemhavesignificantlyincreased."Thisshiftwilllikelybewelcomedinmanypost-industrialeconomies,"saysFireEyeshomegrowninnovation."Iwishtoemphasizethatwithregardtoallthosemajorinitiativesofopening-upthatIhavejustannounced,wehaveeveryintentiontotranslatethemintoreality,soonerratherthanlater,"PresidentXisaidattherecentBoaoforum."Wewanttheoutcomesofouropening-upeffortstodeliverbenefitsassoonaspossibletoallenterprisesandpeopleinChinaandaroundtheworld."QuekSiuRui,CEOofSingapore-basedCarousell,anonlineconsumer-to-consumermarketplace,saysthedirectionChinatakesisimportantforthewholeregion."Thoughwe(Carousell)arenotaimingatthe(Chinesemainland)marketatthemoment,wedokeeptabsonwhatsgoingonthere,asithasabigimpactontherestoftheregion,",($274billion)onresearchanddevelopment,,,,,Xiemphasizeda"newphaseofopening-up"."Humanhistoryshowsthatopennessleadstoprogress,sdoorswillnotbeclosed,butwillonlybeopenedwider,""workhard"toimportmoreproductsrequiredbytheChinese."internationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,"gthatChinasannouncementofmajoropening-upmeasursopening-upisfreefromoutsideinterference.

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发布日期:2019-10-15

美俄关系将走向何方?中国又该如何应对?盛世良先生曾长期在俄罗斯工作,对俄罗斯有着深刻的研究和全面的了解。

针对叙利亚疑似化学武器袭击事件,美国向叙利亚政府控制的空军基地发射了59枚战斧巡航导弹。美国此举让俄罗斯惊愕,俄政府称这沉重打击了与特朗普打交道的任何希望。一波未平,一波又起。特朗普昨日正式签署文件,确认黑山加入北约。要知道去年北约邀请黑山加入已经引来俄罗斯抗议,这次的正式加入势必会引发俄罗斯强烈不满。

上台后一直希望改善与俄罗斯关系的特朗普,在对叙利亚空袭后,再次与俄罗斯杠上,不知普京作何反应。美俄关系将走向何方?中国又该如何应对?盛世良先生(新华社世界问题研究中心研究员、莫斯科分社原副社长)曾长期在俄罗斯工作,最近十年,他每年都见普京,对俄罗斯有着深刻的研究和全面的了解。

他表示,俄罗斯本想跟美国建立良好关系,但是美国不放心俄罗斯,搞“离岸平衡”,调动俄罗斯周边国家给俄罗斯制造麻烦。所以一方面,俄罗斯民意不支持改善对美关系——把美国看作“头号敌人”已经十年;另一方面,俄美经贸关系也不支持深化合作——双边贸易一年仅二三百亿美元。特朗普就任后,美国对俄关系“高开低走”,对华关系“低开高走”,万变不离其宗,美国第一。因此,在可以预见的未来,美俄关系难有根本改善。

继上两期《库叔说》之后,本期《库叔说》,盛世良先生为大家详解中俄、美俄关系的真相。

文 | 新华社世界问题研究中心研究员,莫斯科分社原副社长盛世良

本文为瞭望智库原创文章,如需转载请在文前注明来源瞭望智库(zhczyj)及作者信息,否则将严格追究法律责任

第三部

中美俄大格局

1、特朗普想拉俄罗斯制衡中国

特朗普跟俄罗斯与普京渊源颇深。

*1987年,为寻找商机,特朗普携夫人第一次访问苏联。

*90年代,据说他曾经6次到俄罗斯。当时,俄罗斯经济很紧张,钱不多。然而,特朗普居然能从俄罗斯人很瘪的钱包里挖出钱来,用以开发他自己的项目。不得不说,特朗普还真有能耐!

*他最后一次访问俄罗斯是在2013年。那次本来已经安排好他跟普京总统见面,但是临时取消了。不过,普京总统还是给他留下了一封亲笔信和礼品。

*现在,特朗普跟俄罗斯48家企业保持着关系。

特朗普重视实力,很喜欢强人,所以对普京说了不少好话。他就任以后,大家以为俄罗斯跟美国的关系会发展得比较顺利,但是现在看起来,并不完全是这样,对俄罗斯不利的一些言论行为接踵而至。

当然,特朗普手法是很多的,对有的国家先说硬话,最后表示一点好意。他对俄罗斯先说了好多好话,但是最后的行动却比较强硬。这都是特朗普的手法,万变不离其宗,为了一个目的:美国第一。

在特朗普看来,让美国重新伟大有一些障碍。其中,大国里的障碍,可能首先还是中国。特朗普想让俄罗斯来帮助美国去平衡中国,这个实际上美国的一些谋士早就出过这个主意。

2、普京:联美制华不可能

俄罗斯不会这么干,也没有这么干,为什么?

这首先是因为这不符合俄罗斯的利益。前年在瓦尔代论坛上,普京非常形象地、像讲故事一样说为什么俄罗斯不能去主动讨好美国。

美国能不能放俄罗斯一马?他说得很形象:

“如果我们俄罗斯小狗熊乖乖的在树林里待着,光吃点蜂蜜吃点野果子,不去追着小野猪满森林的乱跑,不去追肉食吃,那人家,人家指的是美国,人家是不是会放过我们呢,他说不会,人家会把我们用铁链子拴起来,甚至把我们俄国小狗熊做成标本挂到墙上。”

换言之,你对美国示好没用,美国是不会放过你的。

民意测验显示,俄罗斯老百姓反对为改善跟美国的关系牺牲中国这个战略协作伙伴的利益。

最近,对俄罗斯不利的消息接踵而至。

2月13日,特朗普政治上最支持改善跟俄罗斯关系的迈克尔·弗林,因为在对俄敏感问题上处理不当而被迫辞去了国家安全事务助理一职。

迈克尔·弗林

2月14日,白宫发言人斯派瑟说,特朗普总统明确表示,希望俄罗斯减少在乌克兰的暴力行动,归还克里米亚。在俄罗斯原来最希望美国作出让步的克里米亚问题上,美国并没有让。

并且,特朗普不仅没有放弃北约,反而承诺要支持北约。他在演说里说得很清楚,“不会放弃北约”,同时,要求北约国家要增加军费,要达到国内生产总值的2%这个标杆。

照这个趋势发展,俄罗斯跟美欧的关系很可能再次进入对抗状态,西方也有可能继续制裁俄罗斯。

3、说美俄关系回暖为时尚早

俄美关系是不是在回暖?现在这么说为时尚早。对美国来说,最信得过的就是盎格鲁-撒克逊国家,英国、加拿大、澳大利亚等。对美国而言,俄罗斯是另类,并且俄罗斯领土面积太大、资源太丰富、核武库太强,普京又是个强势的领导人。

所以,美国没法放心。

布热津斯基的计谋

布热津斯基有过两项大策划:

第一个:“分而治之”。他希望俄罗斯分裂成三块:莫斯科公国(俄罗斯的欧洲部分)、西伯利亚共和国、远东共和国。最多让它们成为一个松散的联邦,这样,就不可能对美国构成威胁。

第二个:“离岸平衡”。他想用俄罗斯周边与俄罗斯关系不好、亲西方的国家去制衡俄罗斯。这样,美国自己就可以少出钱、少出人。这是很聪明的办法,乌克兰、格鲁吉亚都是美国手里对付俄罗斯的好伙伴。现在,原来的华沙条约国家、东欧的波兰等几个国家,对俄罗斯也很警惕。

普京的策略

普京当然也有办法:

第一招:“釜底抽薪”。让北约向东扩的对象国因领土问题没法达到加入北约的标准。比如,乌克兰现在有克里米亚问题了,要想加入北约,要么放弃克里米亚,这是不可能的;像摩尔多瓦,有德涅斯特河沿岸共和国的问题,也有领土问题;像格鲁吉亚,两块领土独立了。

第二招:公开挑战美国领导的世界秩序。俄罗斯要参与世界秩序的制定,这很重要。

第三招:到敌人后方去,使欧洲一些国家慢慢地亲俄。调查表明,保加利亚、斯洛文尼亚、土耳其、希腊这四个北约国家,如果碰到军事危险,宁愿找俄罗斯帮忙,也不愿意找美国。

4、中俄关系对俄罗斯更重要

中国在俄罗斯外交当中占什么位置?前年,我给普京提了这个问题,普京这么回答:

“我相信,俄罗斯有非常好的机会发展跟邻国跟重要组织的关系。首先是发展跟欧亚经济联盟成员国的关系,发展跟俄罗斯伟大的邻邦、最大的贸易伙伴中国的关系(2014年,中俄贸易额接近1000亿美元),跟伟大的印度、上海合作组织国家、金砖国家发展关系,跟拥有共同的基本价值观与文化的欧洲发展关系,跟伊斯兰世界发展关系(穆斯林在俄罗斯人口当中占20%),当然,也要跟美国发展关系。”

次序很清楚,普京把中国看作独联体国家以外最重要的战略协作伙伴。

特朗普当政以后,有人担心:俄罗斯会不会更重视跟美国的关系?我觉得这个担心是多余的——俄罗斯从本国国家利益出发,认为跟中国的关系是非常重要的,中俄关系是不取决于其它大国关系的这么一对国家关系,咱们不用担心。

当前中俄关系中最可贵之处是什么呢?就是两国互为战略依托。俄罗斯在其它方向都面临着一些挑战;中国要从东边开始,在东南、南边都有一些挑战;俄罗斯的背后是中国,中国的背后是俄罗斯,中俄相互可以放心,彼此背后是很安全的。当然,经济、人文交往等其它方面也非常重要。

去年,俄罗斯举行国家杜马选举,老百姓很支持统一俄罗斯党,统一俄罗斯党也是普京支持的。去年这个大选可以看作是明年俄罗斯总统选举的一次预选。现在俄罗斯民调政治学家都这么预言:如果普京参加明年的总统竞选,肯定高票当选。那意味着普京将执政到2024年。这样加起来,普京担任总统一共是20年。

普京能不能实现他原来的承诺——给我20年,还你一个奇迹般的俄罗斯?现在来看,还有七八年的时间,这个结果还取决于很多因素。这七八年的时间里,俄罗斯国内外情况、主客观的情况会发生很大变化。

无论未来如何,我们现在可以肯定地说,现在的俄罗斯跟普京开始执政时的俄罗斯相比,已经发生了翻天覆地的变化。

 

 

来源:瞭望智库

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